Protozoan-enhanced toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis delta-endotoxin against Aedes aegypti larvae.

Autor(es): Manasherob R; Ben-Dov E; Zaritsky A; Barak Z

Resumo: The toxicity of Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis (Bti) in mosquito larvae was enhanced by encapsulation in the protozoan Tetrahymena pyriformis. Aedes aegypti larvae which fed on T. pyriformis loaded with Bti died about three times faster than when fed on the same concentrations of Bti alone due to ingestion of higher toxin concentrations, reflected by shorter death times of exposed populations. The best larvicidal activities were achieved at ratios of cell/spore numbers in the range of 1:200 to 1:500. This enhancement of mortality by preincubation with T. pyriformis was higher at low Bti concentrations or in late third-instar larvae. Ninety minutes of preincubation yielded the best enhancement effect. Toxicity enhancement is very likely a consequence of concentrating large quantities of Bti spores and crystals (containing delta-endotoxin) by T. pyriformis cells and delivering them to the larvae. Shortening larval mortality time by encapsulation in T. pyriformis should reduce the exposure time of Bti to unfavorable field conditions that inactivate its larvicidal activity. Whether this method will indeed improve Bti efficacy is still to be determined.

Palavras-Chave: Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis; Bioencapsulation; ?-endotoxin; Larvicidal mortality; Mosquito biocontrol; Tetrahymena pyriformis

Imprenta: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, v. 63, n. 3, p. 244-248, 1994

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1006/jipa.1994.1047

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins ; Aedes aegypti - Public health

Data de publicação: 1994