Insect immunity: isolation of three novel inducible antibacterial defensins from the vector mosquito, Aedes aegypti.

Autor(es): Lowenberger C; Bulet P; Charlet M; Hetru C; Hodgeman B; Christensen B M; Hoffmann J A

Resumo: The injection of Escherichia coli and Micrococcus luteus into the hemocoel of Aedes aegypti induces a potent antibacterial activity in the hemolymph. We have purified and fully characterized three 40-residue antibacterial peptides from the hemolymph of bacteria-challenged mosquitoes that are absent in naive mosquitoes. The peptides are potently active against Gram-positive bacteria and against one of the Gram-negative bacteria that were tested. The amino acid sequences clearly show that the three peptides are novel isoforms of the insect defensin family of antibacterial peptides. They differ from each other by one or two amino acid residues. We present here the complete amino acid sequences of the three isoforms and the activity spectrum of the predominant Aedes defensin.

Imprenta: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, v. 25, n. 7, p. 867-873, 1995

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Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Molecular Structure ; Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins ; Aedes aegypti - Immunology ; Aedes aegypti - Public health

Data de publicação: 1995