Identification of immune-related protein kinases from mosquitoes (Aedes aegypti).

Autor(es): Chiou J Y; Huang S J; Huang S T; Cho W L

Resumo: Protein kinases are known to be involved in signal transduction for numerous physiological events. However, little is known about the roles of protein kinases in insect immunity. A fragment around 150 bp was amplified by polymerase chain reaction using cDNA templates from bacterial inoculated mosquitoes and primers corresponding to the conserved domain of protein kinases. Based on sequence analysis, 11 groups of protein kinases were characterized including 3 nonreceptor tyrosine kinases, 3 receptor tyrosine kinases, 3 serine/threonine kinases, and 2 novel protein kinases. The most abundant kinase obtained in this study reveals a high degree of similarity to human cholinesterase-related cell division controller (CHED) protein kinase. The expression of this mosquito CHED-like kinase is not detectable in normal female mosquitoes, but induced only after bacterial inoculation and trauma. A mosquito protein kinase was demonstrated to share homology with a plant Tousled gene, but has not yet been characterized in the animal system. In addition, analysis of the sequences of several protein kinases cloned from mosquitoes suggests that they might be involved in the regulation of cellular or humoral immunity.

Palavras-Chave: Mosquito; Aedes aegypti; Tyrosine kinase; Serine - Threonine kinase; Insect immunity

Imprenta: Journal of Biomedical Science, v . 5, n. 2, p. 120-126, 1998

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - DNA ; Aedes aegypti - Molecular Structure ; Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Immunology

Data de publicação: 1998