High susceptibility to Chikungunya virus of Aedes aegypti from the French West Indies and French Guiana.

Autor(es): Girod Romain; Gaborit Pascal; Marrama Laurence; Etienne Manuel; Ramdini Cédric; Rakotoarivony Ignace; Dollin Christelle; Carinci Romuald; Issaly Jean; Dusfour Isabelle; Gustave Joël; Yp-Tcha Marie-Michelle; Yébakima Andre; Failloux Anna-Bella; Vazeille Marie

Resumo: To estimate the vector competence of Aedes aegypti populations sampled from distinct anthropogenic environments in French Guiana, Guadeloupe and Martinique for the strain CHIKV 06.21. F(1)/F(2) females were orally infected at titres of 10(6) and 10(7.5) pfu/ml in blood-meals. Disseminated infection rates (DIR) of mosquitoes were estimated using indirect fluorescent antibody assay on heads' squashes, 7 or 14 days post-infection (pi). At a titre of 10(7.5) pfu/ml, DIR ranged from 88.9% to 100.0% and were not significantly different whether assessed at day 7 or 14 pi. At a titre of 10(6) pfu/ml, DIR observed 7 days pi ranged from 37.6 to 62.0%. Ae. aegypti from French Guiana and French West Indies are highly competent to transmit CHIKV. An evaluation of DIR 7 days rather than 14 days pi is adequate to estimate vector competence. The titre of 10(6) pfu/ml allows us to distinguish Ae. aegypti populations originating from distinct environments (dense or diffuse housing) by their vector competence. This assessment is a prerequisite to better evaluate the potential risk of Chikungunya outbreaks once the virus is introduced from endemic regions.

Imprenta: Tropical Medicine & International Health, v. 16, n. 1, p. 134-139, 2011

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1111/j.1365-3156.2010.02613.x.

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Viral infections ; Aedes aegypti - Viral infections ; Aedes aegypti - Virus ; Aedes aegypti - Transmission ; Aedes aegypti - Public health

Data de publicação: 2011