Exploration of mosquito immunity using cells in culture.

Autor(es): Fallon A M; Sun D

Resumo: The propagation of immune-responsive cells in vitro has provided the basis for substantial contributions to our understanding of many aspects of the mammalian immune response. In contrast, the potential for exploring the innate immune response of insects using cultured cells is only beginning to be developed, particularly with various mosquito cell lines from the genera Aedes and Anopheles. Immune-reactive mosquito cell lines express various defensive factors, including transferrin, lysozyme, cecropin, defensin, and prophenoloxidase activities. In this review, we discuss insect immunity in the context of key concepts that have emerged in the study of the mammalian immune system, with emphasis on the properties of the cells that participate in the immune response. The nature of established cell lines and their contributions to our understanding of immune functions in humans and insects is described, with emphasis on our own work with the C7-10 and Aag-2 mosquito cell lines from Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti, respectively. Finally, we offer some speculation on further advances in insect immunology that may be facilitated by work with cells in culture.

Imprenta: Insect Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, v. 31, n. 3, p. 263-278, 2001

Identificador do objeto digital: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0965-1748(00)00146-6

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - Immune response ; Aedes aegypti - Molecular Structure ; Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins ; Aedes aegypti - Immune response ; Aedes aegypti - Immunology ;

Data de publicação: 2001