Evidence on impact of community-based environmental management on dengue transmission in Santiago de Cuba

Autor(es): Toledo Maria E; Rodriguez Adriana; Valdes Luis; Carrion Rigoberto; Cabrera Georgina; Banderas Digna; Ceballos Enrique; Domeqc Mireya; Pean Carilda; Baly Alberto; Vanlerberghe Veerle; Van der Stuyft Patrick

Resumo: During the dengue outbreak that struck Santiago de Cuba in 2006-2007, we conducted an observational study in the Mariana Grajales district, the former setting of a community trial for Aedes aegypti control. In the trial, community working groups (CWG) had been created in 29 randomly selected intervention house blocks, and routine vector control activities alone were conducted in the remaining 30 control blocks. The CWG elaborated and implemented with the population plans and activities to reduce Aedes infestation. They were still functional in 2006 and continued organizing community-based environmental management activities. The attack rate of dengue fever during the outbreak was 8.5 per 1000 inhabitants in the former intervention blocks and 38.1 per 1000 inhabitants in the control blocks, which corresponds to a relative risk of 4.5 (95% CI 3.1-6.5). There was a significantly higher proportion of unaffected intervention blocks, and affected blocks had on average substantially less cases than affected control blocks. This study indicates that community-based environmental management inserted in the routine A. aegypti control programme can not only sustainably curb vector infestation but also have an impact on dengue transmission.

Imprenta: Tropical Medicine & International Health, v. 16, n. 6, p. 744-747, 2011

Identificador do objeto digital: https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3156.2011.02762.x

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Viral infections ; Aedes aegypti - Transmission ; Aedes aegypti - Dengue ; Aedes aegypti - Epidemiology ; Aedes aegypti - Public health

Data de publicação: 2011