Guillain-Barré in a 10-month-old: diagnostic challenges in a pediatric emergency.

Autor(es): Orlik Kseniya; Griffin Gregory D.

Resumo: A 10-month-old male infant presented to the emergency department (ED) with a chief complaint of weakness, decreased mobility, and regression of motor milestones over a period of 6 days. Significant medical history included a Roseola infection 5 weeks before ED presentation. The patient's pediatrician and chiropractor had both previously diagnosed the patient with strains and sprains. After progression of symptoms, the patient presented to the ED and was discharged home to follow up as an outpatient. The patient subsequently returned to the ED and was admitted to neurology with concern for Guillain-Barré syndrome, which was later confirmed after inpatient workup. The patient was successfully treated and released. Guillain-Barré represents a spectrum of acute immune mediated polyneuropathies. There are several variant forms provoked by infection that precedes the onset of symptoms. Diagnosis and management of Guillain-Barré in the ED will be reviewed, along with the importance of early pediatric intensive care involvement for children presenting with signs of flaccid quadriparesis; rapidly progressive weakness; impending respiratory failure; bulbar palsy; and, most importantly, autonomic cardiovascular instability. Guillain-Barré is rare in children younger than 2 years; however, it must be considered in the differential diagnosis of any patient who presents with progressive weakness and history of a recent infection. It is important to recognize the variety and severity of neurologic symptoms associated with Guillain-Barré across a spectrum, especially with the diagnostic difficulties associated with the pediatric population.

Imprenta: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine, v. 32, n. 1, p. 1105, 2014

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.ajem.2013.08.025

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2014