Ganglioside agglutination immunoassay for rapid detection of autoantibodies in immune-mediated neuropathy.

Autor(es): Alaedini A.; Wirguin I.; Latov N.

Resumo: Elevated levels of serum autoantibodies directed against gangliosides are closely associated with acute and chronic autoimmune neuropathies. An agglutination immunoassay using polystyrene microparticles coated with a total extract of brain gangliosides was used to test patient sera for the presence of anti-ganglioside antibodies. Results were compared with those obtained by ELISA for anti-GM1 and anti-GQ1b ganglioside antibodies. Eight of the twelve sera from patients with multifocal motor neuropathy and seven of the thirteen sera from patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome were positive for the presence of anti-ganglioside antibodies by the ganglioside agglutination immunoassay. The assay compared favorably with the ELISA system in sensitivity and specificity, while requiring a fraction of the time and cost to perform. The new assay can serve as a rapid and effective method for detecting or screening for anti-ganglioside antibodies in patients with acute or chronic immune-mediated neuropathies. It would be particularly useful for detecting antibodies that react with multiple gangliosides, or with minor or as yet uncharacterized gangliosides.

Imprenta: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis, v. 15, n. 2, p. 96-99, 2001

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1002/jcla.8

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology

Data de publicação: 2001