Epstein-barr virus encephalitis: a case report.

Autor(es): Hashemian Somayh; Ashrafzadeh Farah; Akhondian Javad; Beiraghi Toosi Mehran

Resumo: Many neurologic manifestations of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection have been documented, including encephalitis, aseptic meningitis, transverse myelitis, and Guillain-Barre syndrome. These manifestations can occur alone or coincidentally with the clinical picture of infectious mononucleosis. EBV encephalitis is rare and is indicated as a wide range of clinical manifestations. We report a 10-year-old girl presented with fever, gait disturbance, and bizarre behavior for one week. The results of the physical examination were unremarkable. The diagnosis of EBV encephalitis was made by changes in titers of EBV specific antibodies and MRI findings. A cranial MRI demonstrated abnormal high signal intensities in the basal ganglia and the striatal body, especially in the putamen and caudate nucleus. EBV infection should be considered when lesions are localized to the basal ganglia.

Palavras-Chave: Basal ganglia, Encephalitis, Epstein-Barr virus

Imprenta: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology, v. 9, n. 1, p. 107-110, 2015

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Clinical examination ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Virus

Data de publicação: 2015