Epidemiological surveillance of Guillain-Barré syndrome in Sweden, 1996-1997. Network members of the Swedish GBS Epidemiology Study Group.

Autor(es): Cheng Q.; Jiang G. X.; Fredrikson S.; Link H.; de Pedro-Cuesta J.

Resumo: To set up an epidemiological surveillance system of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) in Sweden and to evaluate the pilot practice of the system for 2 years. A network of neurologists reported incident patients with a GBS diagnosis among a general population of 4.5 million inhabitants in Sweden during 1996 1997. Historical GBS data from the national hospital in-patient registry were used for predicting incidences and controlling under-reporting. One hundred and seventeen cases were reported. No alarm signals were identified during the study period. A re-analysis of data in 1996 revealed: 1) a higher than expected incidence in the population aged below 40 years in January, and 2) 27% under-reporting mainly associated to one hospital and to GBS patients hospitalized outside neurological departments. Threshold values for GBS incidences among the general and selected populations were obtained from corrected data. - The Swedish Network for GBS Surveillance can provide immediate support for epidemiological evaluation of suspected outbreaks or increased GBS incidence.

Imprenta: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, v. 101, n. 2, p. 104-110, 2000

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1034/j.1600-0404.2000.101002104.x

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Epidemiology ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2000