Disease burden of selected gastrointestinal pathogens in Australia, 2010

Autor(es): Gibney Katherine B,O'Toole Joanne,Sinclair Martha,Leder Karin

Resumo: To estimate and compare disease burden attributable to six gastrointestinal pathogens (norovirus, rotavirus, Campylobacter, non-typhoidal Salmonella, Giardia, and Cryptosporidium) in Australia, 2010. We estimated the number of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) cases and deaths, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs), and DALY/case for each pathogen. We included AGE cases that did not require medical care. Sequelae were included for Campylobacter (Guillain-Barré syndrome, reactive arthritis (ReA), irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)) and Salmonella (ReA, IBS). We estimated 16626069 AGE cases in Australia in 2010 (population 22 million). Of the pathogens studied, most AGE cases were attributed to norovirus (2180145), Campylobacter (774003), and Giardia (614740). Salmonella caused the fewest AGE cases (71255) but the most AGE deaths (90). The DALY burden was greatest for Campylobacter (18222 DALYs) and Salmonella (3856 DALYs), followed by the viral and protozoal pathogens. The average DALY/case was greatest for Salmonella (54.1 DALY/1000 cases), followed by Campylobacter (23.5 DALY/1000 cases). The pathogen causing the greatest disease burden varied according to the metric used, however DALYs are considered most useful given the incorporation of morbidity, mortality, and sequelae. These results can be used to prioritize public health interventions toward Salmonella and Campylobacter infections and to measure the impact of these interventions.

Palavras-Chave: Australia; Burden of illness; DALY; Gastroenteritis

Imprenta: International Journal of Infectious Diseases, v. 28, p. 176-185, 2014

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.ijid.2014.08.006

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Viral infections ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Virus ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Epidemiology ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2014