Dengue encephalitis-A rare manifestation of dengue fever

Autor(es): Madi Deepak,Achappa Basavaprabhu,Ramapuram John T,Chowta Nityananda,Laxman Mridula,Mahalingam Soundarya

Resumo: The clinical spectrum of dengue fever ranges from asymptomatic infection to dengue shock syndrome. Dengue is classically considered a non-neurotropic virus. Neurological complications are not commonly seen in dengue. The neurological manifestations seen in dengue are encephalitis, meningitis, encephalopathy, stroke and Guillain-Barré syndrome. Dengue encephalitis is a rare disease. We report an interesting case of dengue encephalitis from Southern India. A 49-year-old gentleman presented with fever, altered sensorium and seizures. Dengue NS-1 antigen test was reactive. Dengue IgM was also positive. CSF PCR was negative for herpes simplex 1 & 2. Dengue encephalitis should be considered in the differential diagnosis of fever with altered sensorium, especially in countries like India where dengue is rampant.

Palavras-Chave: Dengue encephalitis; NS1 antigen; Neurological manifestation

Imprenta: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Biomedicine, v. 4, supl. 1, p. S70-S72, 2014

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.12980/APJTB.4.2014C1006

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Virus ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Dengue

Data de publicação: 2014