CMV-associated axonal sensory-motor Guillain-Barré syndrome in a child: Case report and review of the literature

Autor(es): Spagnoli Carlotta,Iodice Alessandro,Salerno Grazia Gabriella,Frattini Daniele,Bertani Gianna,Pisani Francesco,Fusco Carlo

Resumo: Guillain-Barré syndrome is the most frequent cause of flaccid paresis in Western countries. Moreover, CMV infection is the most common antecedent viral infection in adult patients and the presence of specific IGM antiganglioside antibodies is often identified. Instead, Guillain-Barré syndrome following CMV infections is rarely reported in childhood and often presents severe symptoms at onset and longer recovery times. One year of clinical, electrophysiological and serological follow-up of a 9-year old child with axonal sensory-motor Guillain-Barré syndrome following CMV infection is reported. Moreover, the literature data on paediatric sensory-motor axonal GBS and GBS secondary to CMV infection and antiganglioside antibodies are reviewed. Our patient presented with paraesthesias and a pattern of weakness showing proximal predominance and affecting the upper limbs more than the lower limbs. At nadir, unilateral facial palsy was also present and he was unable to walk. Electroneurography showed motor-sensory axonal damage. Both anti-CMV and anti-GM2 IgM were positive. After early treatment with IVIG and IV methylprednisolone the patient recovered deambulation. Six months later, his neurological examination was normal and electroneurography showed normal data. The sensory-motor axonal form of Guillain-Barré syndrome following CMV infection may present a good prognosis and a prompt full recovery also in children, if adequate treatment is started in time.

Palavras-Chave: Children; Cytomegalovirus; Guillain-Barré syndrome; Sensory-motor axonal

Imprenta: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology : EJPN, v. 20, n. 1, p. 168-175, 2016

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.ejpn.2015.11.004

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Viral infections ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Clinical examination

Data de publicação: 2016