Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy

Autor(es): Pollard John D

Resumo: In chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy differing clinical subtypes are beginning to emerge as has already occurred with the Guillain-Barré syndrome. However, neither pathogenic correlates nor particular therapeutic approaches have yet been defined for these subgroups. The neurophysiological techniques of terminal latency index and of modified F ratio help differentiate chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculopathy from IgM paraproteinaemic neuropathy. Diagnosis may be assisted by magnetic resonance imaging studies in which enlarged nerve roots and plexuses and gadolinium enhancement may be evident. Further insight into pathogenesis has come from studies showing pathogenic antibodies in a small percentage of patients. Immunohistological studies examining the presence of adhesion, co-stimulatory and antigen presenting molecules in nerve biopsies have shown that T cell activation can be initiated and perpetuated within nerve and that Schwann cells possess the necessary markers to function as antigen presenting cells. Recent clinical trials have confirmed the therapeutic short term efficacy of intravenous immunoglobulin and Prednisone.

Imprenta: Current Opinion in Neurology, v. 15, n. 3, p. 279-283, 2002

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology

Data de publicação: 2002