Ambiguous value of anti-ganglioside IgM autoantibodies in Guillain-Barré syndrome and its variants.

Autor(es): Koga Michiaki,Takahashi Masaki,Yokoyama Keiko,Kanda Takashi

Resumo: Anti-ganglioside autoantibodies of the IgG type are detected in a half of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), and their detection strongly supports the diagnosis of GBS. In contrast, anti-ganglioside IgM antibodies are also often detected in GBS patients, but it remains unclear whether IgM antibodies indicate a diagnosis of GBS. We identified four GBS patients (3.3%) who tested positive for IgM antibodies but negative for IgG antibodies among 122 patients with GBS and its variants. These four patients were all adolescents or young adults (age 13-22 years), experienced preceding gastrointestinal symptoms, and had serological and/or bacterial evidence of recent Campylobacter jejuni enteritis. Serum IgG reacted strongly with the lipo-oligosaccharide (LOS) of the C. jejuni isolates from these patients' stool specimens. Thin-layer chromatography with immunostaining showed that their serum IgG reacted with resorcinol-positive portion of LOS, suggesting that these patients had IgG autoantibodies against sialic acid-containing epitopes, probably unrecognized ganglioside-like structures on the bacterial LOS. We also examined anti-ganglioside autoantibodies in 22 patients with C. jejuni enteritis without subsequent neurological disorders and detected IgM antibodies in seven (32%) patients. Our data indicate that anti-ganglioside IgM antibodies can be detected in C. jejuni enteritis without complication of GBS, and that the detection of anti-ganglioside IgM antibodies does not always support a diagnosis of GBS. IgG autoantibodies against unrecognized gangliosides might play a role in the development of disease in patients with GBS in whom only anti-ganglioside IgM antibodies are detected by routine clinical testing.

Imprenta: Journal of Neurology, v. 262, n. 8, p. 1954-1960, 2015

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1007/s00415-015-7806-4

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Serological diagnosis

Data de publicação: 2015