Plasmapheresis in the University of Malaya Medical Centre, Malaysia.

Autor(es): Chong H. T.; Tan C. T.

Resumo: Over the past 3 decades, plasmapheresis has been used more extensively for a variety of neurological and hematological disorders. We undertook a retrospective review to ascertain its safety, efficacy, and factor(s) that predispose to poor outcome. We reviewed 117 plasma exchanges in 24 patients with a mean age of 43 +/- 15 years; half were male. A total of 79% of the patients had neurological diseases, and the most common were chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy, Guillain-Barré syndrome, and myasthenic crisis. Plasmapheresis was effective in 79% of the patients, especially for neurological indications. Complications occurred in 23% of the exchanges affecting 58% of the patients. Most complications were mild; sepsis was the most common (9.4% of exchanges), especially catheter related sepsis (6%), rash (4.3%), and hypotension (4.3%). Only 2 (8%) patients had severe complications that required mechanical ventilation. There were 5 mortalities (21%), 3 due to sepsis and 2 due to myocardial ischemia and arrhythmia, none of which occurred within 48 h of the last exchange. Patients with poor renal function had higher mortality. Overall, our figures agree with those from other institutions and indicate that plasma exchange is an effective and safe procedure, especially for a variety of neuroimmunological conditions.

Imprenta: Therapeutic Apheresis, v. 5, n. 2, p. 147-149, 2001

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2001