Streptococcal IdeS: therapeutic potential for Guillain-Barré syndrome

Autor(es): Takahashi Ryo,Yuki Nobuhiro

Resumo: Plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin are effective in treating Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) probably because the former removes IgG autoantibodies and complement and the latter inhibits complement activation subsequent to the autoantibody binding to peripheral nerve antigens. IgG degrading enzyme of Streptococcus pyogenes (IdeS) can cleave the pathogenic autoantibodies into F(ab')2 and Fc. The purpose of this study is to show whether IdeS has novel therapeutic potential for GBS. Sera with anti-ganglioside IgG antibodies from 15 patients with GBS or Miller Fisher syndrome were used. We tested whether IdeS cleaved the anti-ganglioside IgG antibodies and inhibited deposition of activated complement component on ELISA plates. IdeS efficiently cleaved IgG and blocked complement activation mediated by anti-GM1, anti-GD1a and anti-GQ1b IgG antibodies. IdeS has therapeutic potential for GBS and related conditions.

Imprenta: Scientific Reports, v. 5, p. 10809, 2015

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1038/srep10809

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies

Data de publicação: 2015