Public Health Responses to Reemergence of Animal Rabies, Taiwan, July 16-December 28, 2013.

Autor(es): Huang Angela Song-En,Chen Wan-Chin,Huang Wan-Ting,Huang Shih-Tse,Lo Yi-Chun,Wei Sung-Hsi,Kuo Hung-Wei,Chan Pei-Chun,Hung Min-Nan,Liu Yu-Lun,Mu Jung-Jung,Yang Jyh-Yuan,Liu Ding-Ping,Chou Jih-Haw,Chuang Jen-Hsiang,Chang Feng-Yee

Resumo: Taiwan had been free of indigenous human and animal rabies case since canine rabies was eliminated in 1961. In July 2013, rabies was confirmed among three wild ferret-badgers, prompting public health response to prevent human rabies cases. This descriptive study reports the immediate response to the reemergence of rabies in Taiwan. Response included enhanced surveillance for human rabies cases by testing stored cerebrospinal fluids (CSF) from patients with encephalitides of unknown cause by RT-PCR, prioritizing vaccine use for postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) during periods of vaccine shortage and subsequent expansion of PEP, surveillance of animal bites using information obtained from vaccine application, roll out of preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with vaccine stock restoration, surveillance for adverse events following immunization (AEFI), and ensuring surge capacity to respond to general public inquiries by phone and training for healthcare professionals. Enhanced surveillance for human rabies found no cases after testing 205 stored CSF specimens collected during January 2010-July 2013. During July 16 to December 28, 2013, we received 8,241 rabies PEP application; 6,634 (80.5%) were consistent with recommendations. Among the 6,501 persons who received at least one dose of rabies vaccine postexposure, 4,953 (76.2%) persons who were bitten by dogs; only 59 (0.9%) persons were bitten by ferret-badgers. During the study period, 6,247 persons received preexposure prophylaxis. There were 23 reports of AEFI; but no anaphylaxis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, or acute disseminated encephalomyelitis were found. During the study period, there were 40,312 calls to the Taiwan Centers for Disease Control hotline, of which, 8,692 (22%) were related to rabies. Recent identification of rabies among ferret-badgers in a previously rabies-free country prompted rapid response. To date, no human rabies has been identified. Continued multifaceted surveillance and interministerial collaboration are crucial to achieve the goal of rabies-free status in Taiwan.

Imprenta: PloS One, v. 10, n. 7, 2015

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1371/journal.pone.0132160

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - RT-PCR ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Vaccine ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Epidemic ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2015