CD4 and CD8 T cells, but not B cells, are critical to the control of murine experimental autoimmune neuritis.

Autor(es): Zhu Yu,Bao Lei,Zhu Shunwei,Chen Zhiguo,van der Meide Peter,Nennesmo Inger,Winblad Bengt,Ljunggren Hans-Gustaf,Zhu Jie

Resumo: Experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) is a T cell-mediated autoimmune disease of the peripheral nervous system that duplicates the clinical, pathological, and electrophysiological features of Guillain-Barré syndrome in humans. However, the molecular pathogenesis of EAN remains controversial. Therefore, for this study, we induced EAN with P0 protein peptide 180-199 in CD4(-/-), CD8(-/-), CD4(-)8(-), and B cell knockout (microMT) mice to further investigate the roles of these cells in EAN. Our results showed that the severity of clinical signs and histopathological manifestations of EAN and the T cell response to P0 peptide 180-199 in CD4(-/-) mice were significantly lower than those in their wild-type counterparts. CD8(-/-) mice also had a milder clinical course, less histopathological change, and a diminished T cell response to P0 peptide 180-199. However, more severe clinical and histopathological manifestations, a stronger T cell response to P0 peptide 180-199, and enhanced IFN-gamma production in the spleen were observed in the EAN of CD4(-)8(-) and microMT mice, but these were not obviously different from those of wild-type mice. Levels of IgG production were similar in sera from CD4(-/-), CD8(-/-), and CD4(-)8(-), and wild-type mice. These findings suggest that the induction and control of murine EAN are dependent on both CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells and that B cells apparently do not perpetuate the related inflammatory demyelination.

Imprenta: Experimental Neurology, v. 177, n. 1, p. 314-320, 2002

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1006/exnr.2002.7944

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Inflammation ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology

Data de publicação: 2002