Induction of neuropeptide gene expression and blockade of retrograde transport in facial motor neurons following local peripheral nerve inflammation in severe combined immunodeficiency and BALB/C mice.

Autor(es): Armstrong B. D.; Hu Z.; Abad C.; Yamamoto M.; Rodriguez W. I.; Cheng J.; Lee M. Chhith S.; Gomariz R. P.; Waschek J. A.

Resumo: Peripheral nerve inflammation is a common clinical problem that accompanies nerve injury and several diseases including Guillain-Barre syndrome and acute and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy. To determine if neuropeptides are induced in motor neurons after inflammation and to study the mechanisms involved, a nerve cuff soaked in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA) was applied locally to the facial nerve of Balb/C mice. This procedure resulted in an influx of lymphocytes and macrophages to the affected area and a blockade of retrograde axonal transport distal, but not proximal, to the site of application. The same treatment resulted in a strong ipsilateral induction of pituitary adenylyl cyclase activating peptide (PACAP) gene expression in motor neurons in the facial motor nucleus. Because the changes could have occurred due to the loss of target-derived factors or to the production of new factors by immune cells, we studied the effect of the inflammatory stimulus on PACAP mRNA in mice with severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID). As expected, SCID mice showed a severely reduced influx of T-lymphocytes but not macrophages to the peripheral nerve. Moreover, although retrograde transport distal to the inflammation site was blocked similarly in control and SCID mice, the number of motor neurons expressing PACAP mRNA after CFA application was significantly reduced in SCID mice. The data indicate that the induction of PACAP mRNA during nerve inflammation requires the involvement of lymphocytes. However, because the induction of PACAP gene expression was only partially blocked in SCID mice, macrophages, loss of target-derived factors, or other mechanisms may also contribute to the upregulation of PACAP gene expression in motor neurons after nerve inflammation.

Imprenta: Neuroscience, v. 129, n. 1, p. 93-99, 2004

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2004.06.085

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - RNA ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Inflammation ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology

Data de publicação: 2004