Proteome of Aedes aegypti in response to infection and coinfection with microsporidian parasites.

Autor(es): Duncan Alison B; Agnew Philip; Noel Valérie; Demettre Edith; Seveno Martial; Brizard Jean-Paul; Michalakis Yannis

Resumo: Hosts are frequently infected with more than one parasite or pathogen at any one time, but little is known as to how they respond to multiple immune challenges compared to those involving single infections. We investigated the proteome of Aedes aegypti larvae following infection with either Edhazardia aedis or Vavraia culicis, and coinfections involving both. They are both obligate intracellular parasites belonging to the phylum microsporidia and infect natural populations of Ae. aegypti. The results found some proteins only showing modified abundance in response to infections involving E. aedis, while others were only differentially abundant when infections involved V. culicis. Some proteins only responded with modified abundance to the coinfection condition, while others were differentially abundant in response to all three types of infection. As time since infection increased, the response to each of the single parasite infections diverged, while the response to the E. aedis and coinfection treatments converged. Some of the proteins differentially abundant in response to infection were identified. They included two vacuolar ATPases, proteins known to have a role in determining the infection success of intracellular parasites. This result suggests microsporidia could influence the infection success of other intracellular pathogens infecting vector species of mosquito, including viruses, Plasmodium and Wolbachia.

Palavras-Chave: Aedes aegypti; Edhazardia aedis; Vavraia culicis; Coinfection; Dengue; Roteome

Imprenta: Ecology and Evolution, v. 2, n. 4, p. 681-694, 2012

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1002/ece3.199.

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Immune response ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins ; Aedes aegypti - Proteome ; Aedes aegypti - Immune response ; Aedes aegypti - virus ; Aedes aegypti - Dengue

Data de publicação: 2012