Previtellogenic development and vitellogenin synthesis in the fat body of a mosquito: an ultrastructural and immunocytochemical study.

Autor(es): Raikhel A S; Lea A O

Resumo: We describe two phases, previtellogenic and vitellogenic, in the activity of the trophocytes in the fat body of the mosquito Aedes aegypti. The previtellogenic phase, leading to trophocyte competence to synthesize vitellogenin (Vg), occurred during the first 3 days after eclosion. This phase was characterized by enlargement and activation of the nucleoli, proliferation of ribosomes and rough endoplasmic reticulum (RER), development of Golgi complexes, and extensive invaginations of the plasma membrane. During the vitellogenic phase, initiated by a blood meal, Vg was first detected, by immunofluorescence, 1 hr after feeding. The intensity of the immunoreaction increased for the next 24 hr, was declining at 30 hr, and had disappeared by 48 hr. Vg synthesis was characterized ultrastructurally by the enlargement of the RER and the formation of dense secretion granules in Golgi complexes. These secretion granules were two to three times larger at the peak of Vg synthesis than at the beginning. The granules discharged their contents by exocytosis. Two electron microscopical immunocytochemical methods, immunoferritin and peroxidase-antiperoxidase, confirmed this pathway of Vg processing. For the first 12 hr after feeding. Vg synthetic organelles proliferated and the active nucleoli were multilobed; thereafter, while Vg synthesis continued, the nucleoli began to regress into compact bodies. Termination of Vg synthesis was marked by autophagical degradation of Vg synthetic and processing organelles.

Palavras-Chave: Mosquito; Fat body; Vitellogenin synthesis; Ultrastructure; Immunocytochemistry

Imprenta: Tissue & Cell, v. 15, n. 2, p. 281-299, 1983

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/0040-8166(83)90023-X

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Biochemistry ; Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins ; Aedes aegypti - Immunology

Data de publicação: 1983