Plasmodium gallinaceum: ookinete formation and proteolytic enzyme dynamics in highly refractory Aedes aegypti populations.

Autor(es): Kaplan R A; Zwiers S H; Yan G

Resumo: Despite significant progress in the identification of the genetic basis of the refractory phenotype, little is known about the physiological mechanism of refractoriness. This study therefore examined the physiological basis of mosquito refractoriness in the Aedes aegypti/P. gallinaceum system, in which a selected refractory strain does not permit Plasmodium oocyst formation. We examined the kinetics of two major proteolytic enzymes involved in blood meal digestion and the dynamics of ookinete formation for two refractory populations (strains Moyo-R and Formosus) and one susceptible population (strain Red). Healthy ookinetes were observed in both the susceptible and the refractory populations, although the susceptible population generally exhibited higher enzymatic activity for trypsin and aminopeptidase than the refractory populations. Parasite numbers in the susceptible Red population showed a 4- to 7-fold decrease in abundance during the transition from the ookinete stage to the oocyst stage, far less than the refractory populations (30- to 92-fold reduction). Due to its smaller body size, Moyo-R individuals generally ingest a smaller blood meal and thus intake fewer gametocytes than Red individuals. Thus, the possibility that refractoriness in the Moyo-R population results from fewer gametocytes being ingested is examined. We found that the Red population remained highly susceptible and the Moyo-R population stayed refractory when those individuals with similar blood meal size were compared. We conclude that failure of oocyst development in the refractory mosquitoes is not due to ookinete damage by proteolytic enzymes or to fewer gametocytes being ingested, but rather is due to a midgut barrier or to some other mechanism.

Palavras-Chave: Aedes aegypti; Plasmodium gallinaceum; Refractoriness; Ookinete; Trypsin; Aminopeptidase

Imprenta: Experimental Parasitology, v. 98, n. 3, p. 115-122, 2001

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1006/expr.2001.4623

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins ; Aedes aegypti - Immunology ; Aedes aegypti - Public health

Data de publicação: 2001