Ovary ecdysteroidogenic hormone activates egg maturation in the mosquito Georgecraigius atropalpus after adult eclosion or a blood meal.

Autor(es): Gulia-Nuss Monika; Eum Jai-Hoon; Strand Michael R; Brown Mark R

Resumo: The rockpool mosquito, Georgecraigius atropalpus, is a facultatively autogenous species that produces its first egg clutch without a blood meal shortly after emergence. Several days after depositing this clutch, females must take a blood meal to produce a second egg clutch. Decapitation of females shortly after emergence or blood ingestion prevents egg maturation. Here, we report that a single injected dose of the neuropeptide ovary ecdysteroidogenic hormone (OEH) fully restored egg maturation in decapitated females in both circumstances. This neuropeptide and two insulin-like peptides (ILPs) are potent gonadotropins in the related yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. ILP3 was marginally restorative in decapitated G. atropalpus, and ILP4 had no effect. Egg maturation in non- and blood-fed G. atropalpus was dependent on the enzymatic mobilization of amino acids from stored protein or the blood meal for yolk protein (vitellogenin, VG) synthesis and uptake by oocytes. We further show that OEH stimulates serine protease activity in the fat body of newly eclosed females or in the midgut of blood-fed ones, and ecdysteroid hormone production by the ovaries of both females. In contrast, only 20-hydroxyecdysone stimulated VG synthesis in the fat body of non- and blood-fed females. Using RNA interference to knock down expression of the insulin receptor, we found that OEH still fully restored autogenous egg maturation. In summary, our results identify OEH as a primary regulator of egg maturation in both autogenous and blood-fed G. atropalpus females and suggest the shift from blood meal-dependent to blood meal-independent release of OEH is a key factor in the evolution of autogeny in this species.

Palavras-Chave: Neuropeptide; Insulin-like peptides; Ecdysteroid hormone; Autogeny; Anautogeny

Imprenta: The Journal of Experimental Biology, v. 215, Pt 21, p. 3758-3767, 2012

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1242/jeb.074617.

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Protein synthesis ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins ; Aedes aegypti - RNA

Data de publicação: 2012