Oostatic peptides.

Autor(es): Hlav?!ček Jan

Resumo: Oostatic peptides are organic molecules, which influence an insect reproduction due to a regulation of the eggs development. It was proved that decapeptide-H-Tyr-Asp-Pro-Ala-Pro-Pro-Pro-Pro-Pro-Pro-OH (YDPAPPPPPP)-isolated from mosquito Aedes aegypti, inhibits trypsin activity in the midgut of the mosquito. Therefore, it was named trypsin-modulating oostatic factor (Aea-TMOF). Feeding the recombinant cells with cloned and expressed TMOF on the coat protein of tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) to mosquito larvae, caused larval mortality. The TMOF was therefore designed for usage as a new biorational insecticide against mosquito. Similarly, a hexapeptide-H-Asn-Pro-Thr-Asn-Leu-His-OH (NPTNLH)-was isolated from the grey flesh fly Neobellieria bullata. This peptide and some of its analogs inhibited trypsin-like synthesis by the midgut in female flies and was therefore entitled Neb-TMOF. Interestingly, the synthetic Aea-TMOF and mainly its C-terminus shorten analogs, including those containing D-amino acids or methylene-oxy isosteric bond, quickly and strongly inhibited the hatchability and egg development in the flesh fly N. bullata.

Palavras-Chave: Insect development regulation; Oostatic activity; TMOF and analogs; Genetic approach; Degradation in ovaries

Imprenta: Amino Acids, v. 44, n. 4, p. 1095-1105, 2013

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1007/s00726-012-1449-x

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Biochemistry ; Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Protein synthesis ; Aedes aegypti - virus

Data de publicação: 2013