Molecular cloning and characterization of a novel mosquitocidal protein gene from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. fukuokaensis.

Autor(es): Lee H K; Gill S S

Resumo: A novel mosquitocidal protein gene, cry20Aa, was cloned from Bacillus thuringiensis subsp. fukuokaensis (H-3a: 3d: 3e). The gene product, Cry20Aa, was naturally truncated and had a molecular mass of 86,138 Da. The Cry20Aa protein possessed five conserved sequence blocks, as do most other insecticidal Cry toxins. However, an amino acid comparison of Cry20Aa with other mosquitocidal toxins, including Cry4A, Cry4B, Cry10A, Cry11A, and Cry11B, demonstrated that Cry20Aa was quite different from other toxins except for the conserved blocks. The N terminus of Cry20Aa was, however, homologous to the N termini of Cry4A and Cry10A. Interestingly, an inverted repeat (IR1) sequence in the open reading frame of the cry20Aa gene caused incomplete expression of Cry20Aa. When this internal IR1 sequence was altered with no change of amino acid sequence, acrystalliferous B. thuringiensis cells transformed with cry20Aa gene dramatically produced crystal inclusions. However, the intact 86-kDa Cry20Aa protein is highly labile, and it is rapidly degraded to polypeptides of 56 and 43 kDa. To increase expression of the cry20Aa gene, the p20 chaperonelike protein and the cyt1Aa promoter were utilized. While p20 did not increase Cry20Aa expression or stability, chimeric constructs in which the cry20Aa gene was under control of the cyt1Aa promoter overexpressed the Cry20Aa protein in acrystalliferous B. thuringiensis. The expressed Cry20Aa protein showed larvicidal activity against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus. However, the mosquitocidal activity was low, probably due to rapid proteolysis to inactive 56- and 43-kDa proteins.

Imprenta: Applied and Environmental Microbiology, v. 63, n. 12, p. 4664-4670, 1997

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - DNA ; Aedes aegypti - Genome ; Aedes aegypti - Molecular Structure ; Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins ; Aedes aegypti - Public health

Data de publicação: 1997