Leucokinin activates Ca(2+)-dependent signal pathway in principal cells of Aedes aegypti Malpighian tubules.

Autor(es): Yu Ming-Jiun; Beyenbach Klaus W

Resumo: The role of Ca(2+) in mediating the diuretic effects of leucokinin-VIII was studied in isolated perfused Malpighian tubules of the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti. Peritubular leucokinin-VIII (1 microM) decreased the transepithelial resistance from 11.2 to 2.6 kOmega. cm, lowered the transepithelial voltage from 42.8 to 2.7 mV, and increased transepithelial Cl(-) diffusion potentials 5.1-fold. In principal cells of the tubules, leucokinin-VIII decreased the fractional resistance of the basolateral membrane from 0.733 to 0.518. These effects were reversed by the peritubular Ca(2+)-channel blocker nifedipine, suggesting a role of peritubular Ca(2+) and basolateral Ca(2+) channels in signal transduction. In Ca(2+)-free Ringer bath, the effects of leucokinin-VIII were partial and transient but were fully restored after the bath Ca(2+) concentration was restored. Increasing intracellular Ca(2+) with thapsigargin duplicated the effects of leucokinin-VIII, provided that peritubular Ca(2+) was present. The kinetics of the effects of leucokinin-VIII is faster than that of thapsigargin, suggesting the activation of inositol-1,4,5-trisphosphate-receptor channels of intracellular stores. Store depletion may then bring about Ca(2+) entry into principal cells via nifedipine-sensitive Ca(2+) channels in the basolateral membrane.

Palavras-Chave: Nifedipine; Thapsigargin

Imprenta: American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology, v. 283, n. 3, p. 499-508, 2002

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1152/ajprenal.00041.2002

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins

Data de publicação: 2002