Laminin and a Plasmodium ookinete surface protein inhibit melanotic encapsulation of Sephadex beads in the hemocoel of mosquitoes.

Autor(es): Warburg Alon; Shtern Alex; Cohen Noa; Dahan Noa

Resumo: In refractory mosquitoes, melanotic encapsulation of Plasmodium ookinetes and oocysts is a commonly observed immune response. However, in susceptible mosquitoes, Plasmodium oocysts develop extracellularly in the body cavity without being recognized by the immune system. Like Plasmodium gallinaceum oocysts, negatively charged carboxymethyl (CM)-Sephadex beads implanted in the hemocoel of Aedes aegypti female mosquitoes were not usually melanized, but were coated with mosquito-derived laminin. Conversely, electrically neutral G-Sephadex beads were routinely melanized. Since mosquito laminin coated both CM-Sephadex beads and P. gallinaceum oocysts, we hypothesized that laminin prevents melanization of both. To test this hypothesis, we coated cyanogen-bromide-activated G-Sephadex beads with laminin, recombinant P. gallinaceum ookinete surface protein (PgS28) or bovine serum albumin (BSA). Beads were implanted into the abdominal body cavity of female Aedes aegypti and retrieved 4 days later. Uncoated controls as well as BSA-coated G-Sephadex beads were melanized in a normal manner. However, melanization of beads coated with mouse laminin, Drosophila L2-secreted proteins or PgS28 was markedly reduced. Fluorescent antibody labeling showed that PgS28-coated beads had adsorbed mosquito laminin on their surface. Thus, mosquito laminin interacting with Plasmodium surface proteins probably masks oocysts from the mosquito's immune system, thereby facilitating their development in the body cavity.

Palavras-Chave: Plasmodium; Oocyst; Aedes aegypti; Basement membrane; Laminin

Imprenta: Microbes and Infection / Institut Pasteur, v. 9, n. 2, p. 192-199, 2007

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.micinf.2006.11.006

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - Immune response ; Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Proteins ; Aedes aegypti - Infectious diseases ; Aedes aegypti - Transmission ; Aedes aegypti - Immunology

Data de publicação: 2007