Insecticidal and repellent activity of Clausena dentata (Rutaceae) plant extracts against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae).
Autor(es): Ramkumar Govindaraju; Karthi Sengodan; Muthusamy Ranganathan; Natarajan Devarajan; Shivakumar Muthugounder Subramanian
Resumo: Mosquito control is facing a threat due to the emergence of resistance to synthetic insecticides. Insecticides of botanical origin may serve as suitable alternative biocontrol agents. The present study is to evaluate adulticidal activity of Clausena dentata plant extract against Aedes aegypti and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes. The adult mortality was observed after 24 h of exposure. The highest mortality was found in acetone extracts against Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus with the LC50 and LC90 4.1783 mg/ml (3.8201-7.1026), 9.3884 mg/ml (7. 8258-13.1820) and 4.2451 mg/ml (3.8547-8.0254), 12.3214 mg/ml (10.9287-16.2220), respectively. Smoke toxicity was observed at 10-min interval for 40 min, and the mortality data were recorded. Result shows that Ae. aegypti and Cx. quinquefasciatus are 85 ? 2 and 89 ? 1.5, respectively. A mortality of 100 % was recorded in the commercial mosquito control. These results suggest that the leaf extracts of C. dentata have a potential to be used as an ideal eco-friendly approach for the control of mosquitoes.
Palavras-Chave: Adulticidal activity; Smoke toxicity; Botanical extracts; Clausena dentata
Imprenta: Parasitology Research, v. 114, n. 3, p. 1139-1144, 2015
Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1007/s00436-014-4288-8
Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Repellent
Data de publicação: 2015