High-pressure liquid chromatographic analysis of hemolymph plasma catecholamines in immune-reactive Aedes aegypti.

Autor(es): Munkirs D D; Christensen B M; Tracy J W

Resumo: Tyrosine and catecholamines have been implicated as substrates for the encapsulation reactions involved in the immune response of mosquitoes to microfilariae (mff). Identification and quantitation of tyrosine and catecholamines present in Aedes aegypti hemolymph plasma were accomplished by ion-pair high-pressure liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection at either +650 or +850 mV vs Ag/AgCl. Tyrosine, dopamine, and N-beta-alanyldopamine were detected in the hemolymph plasma of naive A. aegypti. Although no differences in these compounds were observed in hemolymph plasma from A. aegypti inoculated with Dirofilaria immitis mff, the chromatogram showed a single major peak (PI) (65 microM, expressed as dopamine equivalents) that was not present in naive hemolymph plasma. Saline-inoculated controls contained only 5% of the PI in immune reactive hemolymph plasma. A high concentration of PI (127 +/- 39 microM) was also detected after treatment of hemolymph plasma with mild alkaline conditions (pH 9.0), indicating that it is normally present as an electrochemically inert form in naive mosquitoes. High concentrations of PI were also detected in the naive hemolymph plasma from three other mosquito species, but no PI was found in A. trivittatus under any conditions. PI did not cochromatograph with any of the catecholamines commonly thought to be involved in immune responses of dipterans against metazoan parasites, suggesting that it may be a unique substrate for these reactions. The biological relevance of PI was evidenced by its appearance in the hemolymph plasma of two strains of D. immitis-inoculated A. aegypti.

Imprenta: Journal of Invertebrate Pathology, v 56, n. 2, p. 267-279, 1990

Identificador do objeto digital: https://doi.org/10.1016/0022-2011(90)90110-R

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Immune response ; Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Immune response ; Aedes aegypti - Immunology

Data de publicação: 1990