Hemocyte monophenol oxidase activity in mosquitoes exposed to microfilariae of Dirofilaria immitis.

Autor(es): Li J Y; Tracy J W; Christensen B M

Resumo: Monophenol oxidase (MPO) activity in hemocytes collected from Aedes aegypti Liverpool strain and Aedes trivittatus intrathoracically inoculated with saline alone, inoculated with Dirofilaria immitis microfilariae (mff), or from uninoculated mosquitoes was compared using a radiometric tyrosine hydroxylation assay. Hemocyte MPO activity in mff-inoculated (= immune-activated) mosquitoes was significantly increased at 24 hr postinoculation (PI) in A. aegypti and at 6, 12, and 24 hr PI in A. trivittatus as compared with saline-inoculated controls. Baseline and immune-activated levels of hemocyte MPO activity in A. trivittatus were significantly higher compared with those seen in A. aegypti. Baseline hemocyte population levels were similar in both species, but immune activation did not elicit increases in total hemocyte populations in A. trivittatus as has been demonstrated for A. aegypti. Likewise, immune activation by the inoculation of mff did not significantly alter plasma MPO activity in A. trivittatus as compared with uninoculated or saline-inoculated mosquitoes. Plasma MPO activity in A. aegypti, however, appears to constitute a major component of the immune response. The importance of phenol oxidase(s) in the immune response of mosquitoes against mff and the relationship of observed differences in MPO activity to differences in immunological capability between A. aegypti and A. trivittatus are assessed.

Palavras-Chave: Hemocytes; Oxidases; Blood plasma; Microfilariae; Immune response; Mosquitos; Parasitology; Encapsulation; Population growth

Imprenta: The Journal of Parasitology, v. 75, n. 1, p. 1-5, 1989

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Cell ; Aedes aegypti - Immune response ; Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis ; Aedes aegypti - Immunology

Data de publicação: 1989