Evidence that sulfisoxazole, an antibacterial sulfonamide, can adversely affect the development of Brugia pahangi in Aedes aegypti mosquitoes

Autor(es): Jaffe J J; Doremus H M; Meymarian E; Chrin L R

Resumo: The average number of infective larvae recovered from Brugia pahangi-infected Aedes aegypti was approximately one-half that recovered from the controls after the former group of infected mosquitoes had ingested a 1.0% solution of sulfisoxazole diolamine (SXZ) in 10% sucrose-water for 4 consecutive days, beginning 4 days after infection. Most of the filarial larvae from the SXZ-treated mosquitoes were small and sluggish compared with those from the controls. There was no increased mortality of mosquitoes that ingested 1.0% SXZ in sugar-water for 4 days. Average filarial larval burdens were not decreased in mosquitoes that ingested a solution of 10(-6) M methotrexate (MTX), a potent dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor, in sugar-water for 4 days, beginning 4 days after infection. The distributional pattern of larval burdens in mosquitoes that ingested combined 1.0% SXZ and 10(-6) M MTX in sugar-water for 4 days closely resembled that seen in mosquitoes that had imbibed 1.0% SXZ only. Average filarial larval burdens were not decreased in mosquitoes with 4-day-old B. pahangi infections that fed upon jirds which received intraperitoneal injections of SXZ (2 g/kg) and MTX (1 mh/kh), alone and in combination, 1 hr previously. Survival of the mosquitoes that fed upon the drug-treated hosts was unaffected, as was the hatchability of their eggs and subsequent growth and development of the mosquito larvae.

Imprenta: The Journal of Parasitology, v. 64, n. 2, p. 193-197, 1978

Descritores: Aedes aegypti - Pathogenesis

Data de publicação: 1978