Guillain-Barre syndrome following malaria.

Autor(es): Kanjalkar M.; Karnad D. R.; Narayana R. V.; Shah P. U.

Resumo: Two adult males were admitted with acute are flexic quadriplegia and bifacial and bulbar weakness 2 weeks after an acute episode of malaria, one due to Plasmodium falciparum infection (patient 1) and the other due to Plasmodium vivax (patient 2). Cerebrospinal fluid analysis and nerve conduction studies confirmed the diagnosis of Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS). Patient 1 progressed to develop respiratory paralysis and required mechanical ventilation. He received intravenous immunoglobulins for the GBS and made a complete recovery in 6 weeks. A review of 11 cases of GBS (nine previously reported and the present two) revealed that eight patients had preceding falciparum malaria and three had vivax infection. All but two patients had distal symmetric sensory deficits. Paralysis was mild in seven cases (three due to P. vivax and four due to P. falciparum) and recovered completely in 2-6 weeks without any specific treatment. Four patients with falciparum malaria developed severe paralysis with respiratory failure, and three patients died. One patient who received intravenous immunoglobulins recovered completely (patient 1 in this report).

Imprenta: The Journal of Infection, v. 38, n. 1, p. 48-50, 1999

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/S0163-4453(99)90031-2

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis

Data de publicação: 1999