Fatigue and neuromuscular diseases.

Autor(es): Féasson L.; Camdessanché J-P.; El Mandhi L.; Calmels P.; Millet G-Y

Resumo: To identify the role of fatigue, its evaluation and its causes in the pathophysiology context of acquired or hereditary neuromuscular diseases of the spinal anterior horn cell, peripheral nerve, neuromuscular junction and muscle. A literature review has been done on Medline with the following keywords: neuromuscular disease, peripheral neuropathy, myopathy, fatigue assessment, exercise intolerance, force assessment, fatigue scale and questionnaire, then with the terms: Fatigue Severity Scale, Chalder Fatigue Scale, Fatigue Questionnaire, Piper Fatigue Scale, electromyography and the combination of the word Fatigue with the following terms: Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS), Post-Polio Syndrome (PPS), Guillain-Barre Syndrome, Immune Neuropathy, Charcot-Marie-Tooth Disease, Myasthenia Gravis (MG), Metabolic Myopathy, Mitochondrial Myopathy, Muscular Dystrophy, Facioscapulohumeral Dystrophy, Myotonic Dystrophy. Fatigue is a symptom very frequently reported by patients. Fatigue is mainly evaluated by strength loss after an exercise, by change in electromyographic activity during a given exercise and by questionnaires that takes into account the subjective (psychological) part of fatigue. Due to the large diversity of motor disorders, there are multiple clinical expressions of fatigue that differ in their presentation, consequences and therapeutic approach. This review shows that fatigue has to be taken into account in patients with neuromuscular diseases. In this context, pathophysiology of fatigue often implies the motor component but the disease evolution and the physical obligates of daily life also induce an important psychological component.

Imprenta: Annales de Re?adaptation et de Me?decine Physique, v. 49, n. 6, p. 289-300, 2006

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.annrmp.2006.04.015

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2006