Experimental allergic neuritis in the Lewis rat: characterization of the activity of peripheral myelin and its major basic protein,P2.

Autor(es): Kadlubowski M.; Hughes R. A.; Gregson N. A.

Resumo: Experimental allergic neuritis has been produced in the inbred Lewis rat in the absence of experimental allergic encephalomyelitis (EAE) using bovine intradural root myelin. The lack of EAE is probably because P1 is only weakly encephalitogenic in the rat. One of the basic proteins of bovine peripheral myelin, P2, was isolated and demonstrated to be pure by amino acid analysis and SDS PAGE. It was found to have a molecular weight of 15,400 and contained 4 mol 1/2-cystine/mol. This P2 was found to be highly neuritogenic and is probably the sole neuritogenic antigen in this system. The successful demonstration of its neuritogenicity must be due in large part to the use of the inbred Lewis rat and bovine P2, but an explanation could also involve the omission of denaturing organic solvents, the prevention of oxidative denaturation and presumably the fact that any changes which may occur are not sufficient to prevent recognition of the active site by the immune system of the inbred Lewis rat. P2 was neuritogenic down to 5 micrograms/animal. Its activity was enhanced by but not dependent on the presence of Mycobacterium in the adjuvant. This suggested that release of P2 could possibly break tolerance and produce an auto-immune disease such as the Guillain--Barre syndrome.

Imprenta: Brain Research, v. 184, n. 2, p. 439-454, 1980

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/0006-8993(80)90811-2

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins

Data de publicação: 1980