Epidemiology of Campylobacter jejuni isolated from patients with Guillain-Barré and Fisher syndromes in Japan.

Autor(es): Takahashi Masaki; Koga Michiaki; Yokoyama Keiko; Yuki Nobuhiro

Resumo: Campylobacter jejuni isolation is the standard for the diagnosis of this type of bacterial infection, but there have been no epidemiological studies of a large number of C. jejuni isolates from patients with Guillain-Barre syndrome (GBS) and Fisher syndrome (FS). For 13 years, stool specimens from GBS/FS patients have been sent from 378 hospitals throughout Japan to the Tokyo Metropolitan Institute of Public Health. A total of 113 strains (11%) were isolated from the stool specimens from 1,049 patients. The isolation rate did not differ by region. The rates were 22% for 449 patients with a history of diarrhea and 2% for the others. An additional 18 isolates were provided by various hospitals. There was no noticeable seasonal distribution in the onset of C. jejuni isolated from patients with GBS/FS. The male/female ratios were 1.7:1 for GBS and 2.2:1 for FS. The patient age range showed a peak in 10- to 30-year-old subjects who had GBS and in 10- to 20-year-old subjects who had FS. The predominance of young adults and male patients who had C. jejuni-associated GBS/FS may be related to the preponderance of young adults and male patients who had C. jejuni enteritis. The median interval from diarrhea onset to neurologic symptom onset was 10 days for GBS/FS. Penner's C. jejuni serotype HS:19 was more frequently present in GBS (67%) than in enteritis (6%) patients. HS:2 was more frequent in FS (41%) than in enteritis (14%) patients. These findings suggest that certain C. jejuni strains specifically trigger GBS and that others specifically trigger FS.

Imprenta: Journal of Clinical Microbiology, v. 43, n. 1, p. 335-339, 2005

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1128/JCM.43.1.335-339.2005

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Epidemiology ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2005