Envelope specific T cell responses & cytokine profiles in chikungunya patients hospitalized with different clinical presentations.

Autor(es): Tripathy Anuradha S.; Tandale Babasaheb V.; Balaji Saravana S.; Hundekar Supriya L.; Ramdasi Ashwini Y.; Arankalle Vidya A.

Resumo: Since the 2006 massive outbreaks, chikungunya (CHIK) is a major public health concern in India. The aim of this study was to assess envelope specific immune responses in patients with chikungunya infection. This study included 46 hospitalized patients with chikungunya virus infection (encephalitis, n=22, other systemic involvement, OSI, n=12, classical, n=12) and six controls from Ahmedabad city, Gujarat, India. T cell responses and the levels of Th1, pro/ anti-inflammatory cytokines against the CHIK virus envelope antigens were assessed by lymphocyte proliferation assay and by cytometric bead array in flow cytometry, respectively. Lymphoproliferative response was uniform among the patients. Comparisons of cytokines revealed significantly higher levels of interleukin (IL)-4 and IL-5 in encephalitis, OSI and classical patients versus controls. The levels of tumour necrosis factor (TNF)-? were higher in classical patients categories compared to the controls. Interferon (IFN)-? levels were lower in encephalitis patients versus control. Our findings showed recognition of T cell epitopes on the envelope region of chikungunya virus by all patient categories. Lower level of IFN-? may be associated with the severity of disease in these patients.

Imprenta: The Indian Journal of Medical Research, v. 141, n. 2, p. 205-212, 2015

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.4103/0971-5916.155570

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - T lymphocytes

Data de publicação: 2015