Endothelial cells constituting blood-nerve barrier have highly specialized characteristics as barrier-forming cells.

Autor(es): Sano Yasuteru; Shimizu Fumitaka; Nakayama Hiroto; Abe Masaaki; Maeda Toshihiko; Ohtsuki Sumio; Terasaki Tetsuya; Obinata Masuo; Ueda Masatsugu; Takahashi Ri-ichi; Kanda Takashi

Resumo: In autoimmune disorders of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) such as Guillain-Barré syndrome and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy, breakdown of the blood-nerve barrier (BNB) has been considered as a key step in the disease process. Hence, it is important to know the cellular property of peripheral nerve microvascular endothelial cells (PnMECs) constituting the bulk of BNB. Although many in vitro models of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) have been established, very few in vitro BNB models have been reported so far. We isolated PnMECs from transgenic rats harboring the temperature-sensitive SV40 large T-antigen gene (tsA58 rat) and investigated the properties of these barrier-forming cells". Isolated PnMECs (TR-BNBs) showed high transendothelial electrical resistance and expressed tight junction components and various types of influx as well as efflux transporters that have been reported to function at BBB. Furthermore, we confirmed the in vivo expression of various BBB-forming endothelial cell markers in the endoneurium of a rat sciatic nerve. These results suggest that PnMECs constituting the bulk of BNB have a highly specialized characteristic resembling the endothelial cells forming BBB."

Imprenta: Cell Structure and Function, v. 32, n. 2, p. 139-147, 2007

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1247/csf.07015

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biochemistry ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - RNA

Data de publicação: 2007