Detection of antibodies to gangliosides and glycolipids in various intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) preparations

Autor(es): Terryberry J W,Shoenfeld Y,Sherer Y,Levy Y,Fabrizzi F,Ahmed A,Peter J B

Resumo: The aim of this study was to examine the presence of antibodies to GM1 and sulfatide in various IVIg preparations. Five brands of commercially available human IVIg (Sandoglobulin, Isiven, Cytogam, Omrigam and Cutter) were examined and compared. Serial dilutions of each of the above preparations were prepared at a working range of 0.009 to 25.0 mg/ml IVIg, and screened by a standard 96-well microplate EIA for autoantibodies to the ganglioside GM1 and to the glycolipid sulfatide. The various IVIg preparations (Omrigam, Cytogam, Sandoglobulin, Isiven), except for Cutter IVIg, contained low to medium titers of the autoantibodies tested. Omrigam and Cytogam IVIg contained low titer of antibodies to GM1, and medium-titer of antibodies to sulfatide, whereas Sandoglobulin and Isiven contained only low-titer of autoantibodies to sulfatide. The presence of natural autoantibodies to myelin in human sera may explain the presence of the tested antibodies within IVIg preparations. Measurements of antibodies to ganglioside and glycolipid in sera of Guillain-Barré patients immediately following IVIg, would probably not reveal antibody decrease. Alternatively, long-term (several weeks) follow-up of titers might result in their modification due to inhibition of antibodies production by IVIg.

Imprenta: Immunological Investigations, v. 29, n. 3, p. 337-347, 2000

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.3109/08820130009060871

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology

Data de publicação: 2000