Circulating transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1) in Guillain-Barré syndrome: decreased concentrations in the early course and increase with motor function

Autor(es): Créange A,Bélec L,Clair B,Degos J D,Raphaël J C,Gherardi R K

Resumo: To delineate the possible implication of the immunosuppressive cytokine transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1) in the pathogenesis of Guillain-Barré syndrome. Guillain-Barré syndrome is a disorder that may implicate cytokines in its pathogenesis. TGF-beta1 is a potent anti-inflammatory cytokine occasionally shown to be regulated in the course of demyelinating disorders. The study measured circulating proinflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines from the progressing phase to early recovery in patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome. Plasma concentrations of TNF-alpha, IL-beta1, IL-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and TGF-beta1 were prospectively evaluated in 15 patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome every three days for the first 15 days after admission to hospital, and in 15 controls with non-inflammatory neurological diseases. Concentrations of TGF-beta1 in plasma were decreased in 13115 patients (87 %) at day 1, remained low during progression and the plateau of paralysis (days 1-10), and then progressively increased up to control concentrations during early recovery (days 12-15). Concentrations of plasma TGF-beta1 correlated positively with motor function, the lowest values being e found in the most disabled patients. Concentrations of plasma TGF-beta1 were decreased before any treatment, and during treatment by either plasma exchange or intravenous immunoglobulins, plasma exchange being associated with a more pronounced decrease in TGF-beta1 at day 7. Circulating TNF-alpha concentrations were raised, as previously reported, when other cytokines were either randomly increased (IL-2, IL-6), or undetectable (IL-1, IL-4, IL-7, IL-10). Down regulation of TGF-beta1 in the early course of Guillain-Barré syndrome could participate in neural inflammation.

Imprenta: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, v. 64, n. 2, p. 162-165, 1998

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1136/jnnp.64.2.162

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cytokines ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Inflammation ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 1998