Chemokines and peripheral nerve demyelination

Autor(es): Fujioka T,Kolson D L,Rostami A M

Resumo: It has been speculated that beta-chemokines play a pivotal role in the development of peripheral nervous system (PNS) disorders characterized by mononuclear cell infiltration. In experimental allergic neuritis (EAN), an animal model for human Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) with mononuclear cell infiltration, we found by quantitative PCR that beta-chemokine messages were upregulated during the active stage. Moreover, an increase in the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) message was found in the preclinical stage of EAN, suggesting the critical role of MCP-1 for inducing mononuclear cell infiltrations in this model. Since many cell lineages other than immune cells can produce chemokines, this early upregulation of MCP-1 may be mediated by non-immune cells, probably endothelia or Schwann cells. To date, apart from MCP-1, only RANTES (Regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted) and macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha have been examined in EAN and found to have similar kinetics of induction. Therefore, understanding the regulation of production of these chemokines as well as mechanisms of inhibiting chemokine/receptor interactions in the PNS may ultimately lead to disease-specific therapy for GBS and related demyelinating disorders.

Palavras-Chave: Chemokines; Peripheral nervous system; Experimental allergic neuritis; Schwann cells

Imprenta: Journal of Neurovirology, v. 5, n. 1, p. 27-31, 1999

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - RNA ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cytokines

Data de publicação: 1999