Campylobacter coli enteritis and Guillain-Barré syndrome: no evidence of molecular mimicry and serological relationship.

Autor(es): Funakoshi Kei,Koga Michiaki,Takahashi Masaki,Hirata Koichi,Yuki Nobuhiro

Resumo: Campylobacter coli was isolated from two Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) patients who had anti-GM1 and anti-GD1 IgG antibodies. Although both this bacteria and Campylobacter jejuni are common causes of diarrheal illness, previous studies have focused only on C. jejuni as the causal agent of GBS. To determine whether C. coli also is a causative agent, we examined the hypothesis that production of anti-ganglioside antibodies is induced by ganglioside-mimics on that bacterial lipo-oligosaccharide (LOS), as in C. jejuni-associated GBS. LOSs of both C. coli isolates had very weak reactivities with anti-GM1 and anti-GD1a IgG monoclonal antibodies, whereas those of some GBS-related C. jejuni isolates had strong reactivities. Anti-GM1 and anti-GD1a IgG antibodies from the two patients were not absorbed as much by the LOSs of their isolates as were those of GBS-related C. jejuni strains. These findings do not support the hypothesis of ganglioside mimicry on C. coli isolates' LOSs. We next made a serological assay of recent C. coli infection in 74 patients with GBS, 26 with Fisher syndrome (FS), 49 with other neurological diseases (OND), and 37 normal controls (NC) using the bacterial outer membrane protein as antigen. Eight (11%) GBS and two (8%) FS patients had two or three classes of IgG, IgM, and IgA anti-C. coli antibodies. Anti-C. jejuni IgG and IgA antibody titers were significantly higher than those of anti-C. coli (respectively, p = 0.03 and 0.01). This suggests that anti-C. coli antibodies cross-react with C. jejuni protein. We concluded that a C. coli infection was not the cause of GBS in our patients. Both isolation of a microorganism from, and the positive infectious serology of, GBS patients do not always indicate the causal agent.

Imprenta: Journal of the Neurological Sciences, v. 246, n. 1-2, p. 163-168, 2006

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.jns.2006.02.010

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Infectious diseases ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Serology ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology

Data de publicação: 2006