Attenuation of experimental autoimmune neuritis in the Lewis rat by treatment with an antibody to L-selectin.

Autor(es): Archelos J J,Fortwängler T,Hartung H P

Resumo: The leukocyte adhesion molecule L-selectin plays a key role in the initial steps of transendothelial migration of T cells and monocytes. In this study we investigated the role of L-selectin in the pathogenesis of experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) an animal model of the Guillain-Barré syndrome. EAN was induced in Lewis rats by sensitization with peripheral nerve myelin. Treatment with HRL3, a monoclonal antibody to L-selectin, efficiently suppressed clinical signs of EAN. Histological examination of the peripheral nervous system (PNS) revealed a marked reduction of inflammatory infiltrates and demyelination during treatment with HRL3. We conclude that L-selectin-dependent mechanisms are of pathophysiological relevance in EAN. Modulation of L-selectin in vivo could be a novel therapeutic approach to autoimmune diseases of the PNS.

Imprenta: Neuroscience Letters, v. 235, n. 1-2, p. 9-12, 1997

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/S0304-3940(97)00692-7

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cytopathology ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Clinical examination ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology

Data de publicação: 1997