Animal models of autoimmune neuropathy.

Autor(es): Soliven Betty

Resumo: The peripheral nervous system (PNS) comprises the cranial nerves, the spinal nerves with their roots and rami, dorsal root ganglia neurons, the peripheral nerves, and peripheral components of the autonomic nervous system. Cell-mediated or antibody-mediated immune attack on the PNS results in distinct clinical syndromes, which are classified based on the tempo of illness, PNS component(s) involved, and the culprit antigen(s) identified. Insights into the pathogenesis of autoimmune neuropathy have been provided by ex vivo immunologic studies, biopsy materials, electrophysiologic studies, and experimental models. This review article summarizes earlier seminal observations and highlights the recent progress in our understanding of immunopathogenesis of autoimmune neuropathies based on data from animal models.

Palavras-Chave: Guillain-Barré syndrome, anti-ganglioside antibodies, chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy [CIDP], experimental autoimmune neuritis [EAN], inflammatory neuropathy, myelin proteins, spontaneous autoimmune polyneuropathy [SAP]

Imprenta: ILAR Journal, v. 54, n. 3, p. 282-290, 2014

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1093/ilar/ilt054

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology

Data de publicação: 2014