An aggressive extranodal NK-cell lymphoma arising from indolent NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorder.

Autor(es): Huang Qin,Chang Karen L,Gaal Karl K,Weiss Lawrence M

Resumo: Indolent NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorder, also known as chronic natural killer (NK) cell large granular lymphocytosis (leukemia), is a very rare entity in the World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of Tumors of Hematopoietic & Lymphoid Tissues. Unlike aggressive NK-cell leukemia, which is malignant, the WHO does not specify whether indolent NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorder is reactive or neoplastic. Patients with indolent NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorder are usually asymptomatic older adults who have a nonprogressive, very stable clinical course. We report an unusual case of an aggressive extranodal NK-cell lymphoma, non-nasal type, which presented as a subcutaneous tissue mass, which apparently transformed from a preexisting, untreated indolent NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorder in an 65-year-old otherwise healthy white man. The extranodal NK-cell lymphoma and the NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorder in the blood and bone marrow share a distinctive and identical NK-cell immunophenotype and genotype: CD56/CD8/TIA-1-positive and surface CD3-negative, negative for Epstein-Barr virus infection, and no evidence of T-cell and B-cell receptor gene rearrangements. To the best of our knowledge, such aggressive lymphomatous transformation in an indolent NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorder has not been previously reported.

Imprenta: The American Journal of Surgical Pathology, v. 29, n. 11, p. 1540-1543, 2005

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1097/01.pas.0000168510.54867.9a

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cytopathology ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - virus ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2005