Accumulation of immunoglobulin across the 'blood-nerve barrier' in spinal roots in adoptive transfer experimental autoimmune neuritis.

Autor(es): Hadden R D M,Gregson N A,Gold R,Smith K J,Hughes R A C

Resumo: At the onset of Guillain-Barré syndrome, disruption of diffusion barriers, such as the blood-nerve barrier, probably increases the exposure of spinal roots and peripheral nerves to macromolecules, some of which might be pathogenic. As a measure of such disruption, we measured the accumulation in the endoneurium of spinal roots and sciatic nerve of systemically administered 125I-labelled immunoglobulin in adoptive transfer experimental autoimmune neuritis (AT-EAN) in the rat. AT-EAN is a model of Guillain-Barré syndrome, induced by injection of activated T lymphocytes sensitized to myelin P2 protein. Immunoglobulin accumulation was expressed as counts/min/mg in fixative-perfused roots as a percentage of that in serum, measured 24 h after intraperitoneal injection of 0.1 micro Ci 125I-labelled immunoglobulin. Immunoglobulin accumulation in the roots of normal rats was 3 +/- 1% (mean +/- SE), but this first increased 3(1/2) days after cell injection, peaked at 22 +/- 2% on day 4(1/2), and declined to normal by day 8. T lymphocytes and polymorphonuclear leucocytes first appeared within the endoneurium at day 3(1/2), and macrophages and a few erythrocytes at day 4. Neurological deficit appeared on day 4 and was maximal on day 6. Demyelination and axonal degeneration began at day 5. The first abnormality detected in AT-EAN was a rapid increase in the passage of immunoglobulin into spinal roots, together with endoneurial infiltration of T lymphocytes and polymorphonuclear leucocytes. Accumulation of immunoglobulin was maximal during the worsening of neurological deficit, and declined rapidly before the onset of neurological recovery.

Imprenta: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology, v. 28, n. 6, p. 489-497, 2002

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1046/j.1365-2990.2002.00421.x

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cell ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cytopathology ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology

Data de publicação: 2002