A new approach to ELISA-based anti-glycolipid antibody evaluation of highly adhesive serum samples.

Autor(es): Usuki Seigo; O'Brien Dawn; Rivner Michael H.; Yu Robert K.

Resumo: The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is a standard immunoassay used in measuring antibody reactivity (expressed as titers) for glycosphingolipids (GSLs) such as gangliosides and sulfoglycolipids in the sera of patients with Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS), variants of GBS, and chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP). In the present study, anti-GSL antibodies were evaluated using a new formula of affinity parametric complex (APC), calculated from limiting-dilution serum assay data, followed by affinity parametric complex criterion (APCC). Using assay results based on APCC, we analyzed serum samples categorized into acute inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (AIDP), acute motor-sensory axonal neuropathy (AMSAN), CIDP, CIDP with myasthenia gravis (MG), and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). We were able to determine the affinity strength of antibodies otherwise hidden in the non-specific background activity in highly adhesive serum samples. The thin-layer chromatography (TLC)-immuno-overlay method assured us that this new method is an accurate and reliable way for evaluating anti-GSL antibodies using ELISA serum sample data.

Palavras-Chave: ALS, Anti-glycolipid antibody, CIDP, ELISA, GBS, Non-specific adhesions

Imprenta: Journal of Immunological Methods, v. 408, p. 52-63, 2014

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.jim.2014.05.005

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Biosynthesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Pathogenesis ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Proteins ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Antibodies ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Immunology ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2014