Valuing health across the lifespan: health state preferences for seasonal influenza illnesses in patients of different ages

Autor(es): Prosser Lisa A,Payne Katherine,Rusinak Donna,Shi Ping,Uyeki Timothy,Messonnier Mark

Resumo: This study sought to measure whether public values for health states vary with the age of the affected individual. Health state preferences were measured via a 15-minute survey administered through the Internet in December 2007 using a probability sample of the adult population of the United States (N = 1012). Respondents were asked to value hypothetical descriptions of seasonal influenza illness (uncomplicated influenza illness, hospitalization) and possible vaccine-related adverse events (anaphylaxis, Guillain-Barré syndrome) using time trade-off or willingness-to-pay questions. Respondents were randomized to four different ages for an affected hypothetical individual: 1-year-old, 8-year-old, 35-year-old, 85-year-old. All other aspects of the health state description were held constant. Summary statistics for each health state and age were calculated. The Kruskal-Wallis test was used to measure differences in responses across ages of affected individuals in the hypothetical scenarios. Regression analyses were used to evaluate the effect of age on time trade-off or willingness-to-pay amounts controlling for respondent characteristics. Median values for time trade-off and willingness-to-pay were highest for young children. This pattern was generally consistent across responses and type of valuation. Approaches that assume health state values do not differ with the age of a patient may bias economic analyses that use these values. If patient age is likely to affect health state valuations, then age should be included as an attribute in the valuation exercise.

Palavras-Chave: Influenza; Time trade-off; Willingness-to-pay; Health utility

Imprenta: Value in Health, v. 14, n. 1, p. 135-143, 2011

Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.jval.2010.10.026

Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Viral infections ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Vaccine ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health

Data de publicação: 2011