Nerve root enhancement on spinal MRI in pediatric Guillain-Barré syndrome.
Autor(es): Mulkey Sarah B.; Glasier Charles M.; El-Nabbout Bassem; Walters William D.; Ionita Christian.; McCarthy Michael H.; Sharp Gregory B.; Shbarou Rolla M.
Resumo: Guillain-Barré syndrome diagnosis is based on clinical presentation and supportive diagnostic testing. In its early stage, no single, reliable diagnostic test is available. However, a finding of nerve root enhancement on spinal magnetic resonance imaging may be useful. We evaluated the frequency of nerve root enhancement on spinal magnetic resonance imaging in children with Guillain-Barré syndrome. At a single tertiary pediatric center, we conducted a retrospective chart review of children with Guillain-Barré syndrome who had complete spinal or lumbosacral spinal magnetic resonance imaging with gadolinium administration from January 2002-January 2009. Twenty-four consecutive patients were identified. Spinal nerve root enhancement with gadolinium was present in 92% (22/24) of children with Guillain-Barré syndrome on initial spinal magnetic resonance imaging (95% confidence interval, 0.745-0.978). This finding increased to 100% of patients, after two patients underwent repeat spinal magnetic resonance imaging that did reveal nerve root enhancement. Patterns of enhancement were variable, but involved the thoracolumbar nerve roots in all patients. Enhancement of nerve roots with gadolinium on initial spinal magnetic resonance imaging was frequently present in these children with Guillain-Barré syndrome. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging is a sensitive diagnostic test and should be considered an additional diagnostic tool in select cases.
Imprenta: Pediatric Neurology, v. 43, n. 4, p. 263-269, 2010
Identificador do objeto digital: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2010.05.011
Descritores: Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Cytopathology ; Guillain-Barre Syndrome - Public health
Data de publicação: 2010